INFORMATION TO AUTHORS
Turkish Journal of Cancer (TJC) accepts original articles, case reports and invited editorial reviews of the literature on subjects
within the field of oncology, on the condition that they have not been published elsewhere, previously. All papers are subject to
editorial revision for purpose of conformity to the style adopted by TJC. Papers should in general not exceed 15 typewritten pages
for original articles or 7 typewritten pages for case reports and reviews of the literature, including tables, figures and illustrations and
authors may be requested, to shorten or revise their papers.
PREPARATION of MANUSCRIPT
Each of the following sections of the manuscript should be typed on separate pages:
should carry (a) the title of the article, which should be concise but informative; (b) first name, middle initial, and last
name of each author, with highest academic degree and institutional affiliation; (c) name of department(s) and institution(s) to which
the work should be attributed; (d) disclaimers, if any; (e) name and address of author responsible for correspondence about the
manuscript; (f) name and address of author to whom requests for reprints should be addressed; (g) source(s) of support in the form
of grants, equipment, drugs; and (h) a short running title of no more than 40 characters (count letters and spaces) placed at the foot
of the title page and identified".
Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship
credit should be based only on substantial contributions to (a) conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data; and to
(b) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and (c) final approval of the version to be published.
Conditions (a), (b), and (c) must all be met. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify
authorship. General supervision of the research group is also not sufficient for authorship. Any part of an article critical to its main
conclusions must be the responsibility of at least one author. The authors should sign their names in the title page.
Abstract and Key Words:
The second page should carry an abstract of 150 words at most. The abstract should state the purposes
of the study or investigation, basic procedures such as selection of study subjects or laboratory animals; observational and analytical
methods, main findings; specific data, their statistical significance, and the principal conclusions. Emphasize new and important
aspects of the study or observations.
Below the abstract provide and identify as such minimum 3 and maximum 10 key words or short phrases that will assist
indexers in cross-indexing the article and may be published with the abstract. Use terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MESH)
List of Index Medicus.
The text of observational and experimental articles should be divided into sections with the headings. Introduction, Materials
and Methods, Results and Discussion. Other types of articles such as case reports reviews, perspectives and editorials will be
published according to uniform requirements.
State the purpose of the article. Summarize the rationale for the study or observation.
Materials and Methods: Describe your selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients or laboratory animals,
including controls) clearly. Identify the methods, apparatus (manufacturer's name, and address in parenthesis), and procedures in
sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Give references to established methods, including statistical
methods; provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or
substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals
used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.
When reporting experiments on human subjects indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the
ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation. Do not use patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers,
especially in any illustrative material.
Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify
the reported results. Discuss eligibility of experimental subjects. Give details about randomization. Describe the methods for and
success of any blinding of observations. Report treatment complications. Give number of observations. Report losses to observation.
Specify any computer programs used.
Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the
tables or illustrations; emphasize or summarize only important observations.
Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Include in the
Discussion section the implications of the findings and their limitations; relate the observations to other relevant studies. Link the
conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by your data.
State new hypotheses when necessary, but clearly label them as such. Recommendations, when appropriate, may be included.
As a footnote on the title page, one or more statements should specify (a) contributions that need
acknowledging but do not justify authorship, (b) acknowledgments of technical help, (c) acknowledgments of financial and material
support, specifying the nature of the support.
Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in parentheses. Number references consecutively in
the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in
Consult List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus.
Include among the references, papers accepted but not yet
published, designate the journal and add "In press". Information from manuscripts submitted but not yet accepted should be cited in
the text as "unpublished observations"
Articles in Journals:
(1) Standard journal article (list all authors, but if the number exceeds three, give three followed by et al.).
Goate AM, Haynes IR, Owen MJ, etal. Predisposing locus for Alzheimer's disease on chromosome 21. Lancet 1989;1:352-5.
(2) Organization as author.
The Royal Marsden Hospital Bone Marrow Transplantation Team. Failure of syngeneic bone marrow graft without preconditioning in
post hepatitis marrow aplasia. Lancet 1977;2:742-4.
(3) No author given.
Coffee drinking and cancer for the pancreas (editorial). BM J 1991 ;283:628.
(4) I Volume with supplement.
Magni F, Rossoni G, Berti F. BN-52021 protects guinea pig from heart anaphylaxis. Pharmacol Res Commun 1988;20 Suppl 5:75-8.
(5) Issue with supplement..
Gardos G, Cole JO, Haşkell D, et al. The natural history of tardive dyskinesia. J-Clin Psychopharmacol 1988;8(4 Suppl):31S-37S.
(6) Volume with part.
Hanly C. Metaphysics and innateness: a psychoanalytic perspective. Int J Psychoanal 1988;69(Pt 3):389-99.
(7) Issue with part.
Edwards L, Meyskens F, Levine N. Effect of oral isotretinoin on dysplastic nevi. J Am Acad Dermatol 1989;20(2 Pt 1):257-60.
(8) Issue with no volume.
Baumeister A. Origins and control of stereotyped movements. Monogr Am Assoc Ment Defic 1978;(3):353-84.
(9) No issue or volume.
Donoek K. Skiing in and through the history of medicine. Nord Medicinhist Arsb 1982;86-100.
Books and Other Monographs:
(10) Personal author(s).
Colson JH, Armour WJ. Sports injuries and their treatment. 2nd rev. ed. London: S. Paul, 1986.
(11) Editor(s), compiler as author.
Diener HL, Wilkinson M, editors. Drug induced headache. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1988.
(12) Organization as author and publisher.
Virginia Law Foundation. The medical and legal implications of AIDS. Charlottesville: The Foundation, 1987.
(13) Chapters in a book.
Weinstein L, Swartz MN. Pathologic properties of invading microorganisms. In: Sodeman WA Jr. Sodeman WA, editors. Pathologic
physiology: mechanisms of disease. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1974;457-72.
(14) Conference proceedings.
Vivian VL, editor. Child abuse and neglect: a medical community response. Proceedings of the First AMA National Conference on
Child Abuse and Neglect; 1984 Mar 30-31; Chicago.: American Medical Association, 1985.
(15) Conference paper.
Harley NH. Comparing radon daughter dosimetric and risk models. In: Gammage RB, Kaye SV, editors. Indoor air and human
health. Proceedings of the Seventh Life Sciences Symposium; 1984 Oct 29-31; Knoxville (TN). Chelsea (Ml): Lewis, 1985:69-
(16) Scientific and technical report.
Akutsu T. Total heart replacement device. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health, National Heart and Lung Institute: 1974
Apr. Report No.: NIH-NHLI-69-2185-4.
Type each table on a separate sheet. Number tables consecutively in the order of appearance in the text and supply a brief
title for each. Give each column a short or abbreviated heading. Place explanatory matter in footnotes. Explain in footnotes all
nonstandard abbreviations that are used in each table. Identify statistical measures of variations such as standard deviation and
standard error of the mean. Be sure that each table is cited in the text.
Figures should be professionally drawn and photographed. Please do send sharp, glossy black and white
photographic prints, usually 9x13 cm. If color prints are preferred, an extra fee of 2.500.000 TL per each color print is required. Each
figure should have a label pasted on its back indicating the number of the figure, author's name, and top of the figure. Type legends
for illustrations double-spaced, starting on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When arrows,
numbers or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the
internal scale and identify method of staining.
Units of measurement :
Measurements should be reported in the metric system in terms of the Internal System of Units (SI).
Consult SI Unit Conversion Guide New England Journal of Medicine Books 1992, Massachusetts when necessary.
Abbreviations and Symbols :
Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract. The full term for which
an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.
Submissions of Manuscripts :
Mail three copies of manuscripts, enclosing illustrations. Manuscripts must be accompanied by a
covering letter signed by all the coauthors. This must include information on prior or duplicate publication or submission
elsewhere of any part of the work as defined earlier, (b) a statement that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors,
that the requirements for authorship have been met, and furthermore, that each coauthor believes that the manuscript represents
honest work, (c) the name, address, telephone and fax number of the corresponding author, who is responsible for communicating
with the other authors about revisions and final approval of the proofs.
The production process is expedited by the use of a diskette supplied by authors after a manuscript has been
accepted for publication. The diskette should be prepared on a IBM compatible computer and contain the final form of the manuscript.
Most word processing packages are acceptable but any version of Word Perfect or Microsoft Word are preferred. The disk should be
labelled with the manuscript number, corresponding author's name, file name(s), operating system and the word processing software
used to produce the article.
Secretariat Address for Manuscript Submission:
Turkish Journal of Cancer
Hacettepe University Institute of Oncology
This section "Information to Authors' is in accordance with the 'Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical
Journals' prepared by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (Ann Intern Med 1997:126:36-47).