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Turkish Journal of Cancer
2005, Volume 35, Number 3, Page(s) 119-122
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Investigation on the prevalence of leukemia in North West Frontier Province of Pakistan
MUHAMMAD HAMAYUN1, SUMERA AFZAL KHAN1, WAZIR MUHAMMAD2
1Quaid-e-Azam University, Department of Biological Sciences, Islamabad-Pakistan
2Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad-Pakistan

A research project was carried out at Institute of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine (IRNUM) Peshawar, in order to investigate the prevalence of different types of leukemias in North West Frontier Province of Pakistan, during 2001. During this study 60 leukemia patients admitted at IRNUM were investigated. It was found that acute leukemia was more prevalent than chronic leukemia as 90% of total investigations were of acute type. Male patients were 76.6% compared to 23.3% female patients, while most of the patients were below the age of 20. Subtypes study of acute leukemia revealed that ALL-L1 (13 times) was more prevalent than ALL-L2 while no case was registered for ALL-L3. In AML subtypes, M1 and M2 subtypes were more frequent in patients than its other subtypes. AML-M1 was twice more prevalent than AML-M2. No case was registered for AMLM6 while AML-M1, AML-M4 and AML-M5 were found to be less prevalent. [Turk J Cancer 2005;35(3):119-122].

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